L’OPPOSITION CAMEROUNAISE SERAIT- ELLE AU SERVICE DE PAUL BIYA ?

Comment ne serait-on pas tenté de
le penser ?

C’est vrai que dans les pays du
tiers monde, il n’est pas facile d’être et de rester dans l’opposition en
raison de l’intolérance des hommes au pouvoir. Malgré tout, il faut choisir
et assumer son choix,  car l’on ne peut à la fois être du pouvoir et de
l’opposition. L’opposant est un mal aimé ; souvent tourné en dérision, malgré
tout, il faut choisir et assumer.  Je me
suis vu traité à l’époque d’intransigeant parce que me refusant à toute
compromission avec le pouvoir. Aujourd’hui, je me sens ragaillardi et même
encouragé par le fait que toutes mes prédictions se sont réalisées. Mais
c’est vrai aussi, comme dirait l’autre, qu’il n’est pas toujours bon d’avoir raison.

L’insolence des
princes qui nous gouvernent ne manque pas de surprendre. Quand on leur dit que
le peuple crie famine, ils réagissent comme si pour le pouvoir assurer le bien-être
aux citoyens est une faveur qu’ils ne sont pas tenus de faire. Pourtant chacun
sait que c’est un devoir inhérent à la nature même des fonctions de gouverner
que d’œuvrer pour le bien-être de tous et le développement du pays.

Qui aujourd’hui peut sérieusement
soutenir que depuis « l’Homme-lion »
est aux commandes du bateau Cameroun,  celui-ci ne vogue pas de déconvenue en déconvenue,
 que le pays n’est pas exsangue et que la
misère n’est pas devenue notre environnement naturel ?

Qui oserait nier l’effilochage de
l’image de marque du Cameroun à l’extérieur?

Il y a des pays où tous les jours,
nos diplomates sont expulsés de leur logement pour défaut de paiement des
loyers ; dans d’autres, des circuits « des gargotes » sont ouverts à
l’intérieur même de l’Ambassade du Cameroun pour permettre aux employés de se
nourrir à moindre frais et aux camerounais de venir se ressourcer. On dit même
qu’un nos diplomate a été pris en flagrant délit de vol d’un pantalon dans une
grande surface. Quelle honte pour notre cher et beau pays ! Et pourtant,
que n’entend-t-on pas de la bouche des dirigeants du R.P.D.C? Evidemment que
sous la houlette de son Guide éclairé, le Cameroun vole de victoire en victoire
(prochain sommet de l’O.U.A entre autres, bientôt la CAN de Joseph BELL),
de la restauration de  la démocratie, en
passant par la liberté de la presse, jusqu’aux accords biens venus avec la Banque,
mondiale et le F. M.I

Des camelots annoncent à  chaque occasion la reprise et des lendemains
qui chantent, mais le pays, lui, s’enfonce chaque jour un peu plus dans la
misère, la corruption, l’insécurité, la division par exclusion quand ce n’est
pas par clivage tribalo-ethnique. O hypocrisie! Hypocrisie quand tu nous tiens!

Devant le spectacle désolant des
militants du R.P.D.C face à leur président sans cesse réélu, paraphrasant
BERNANOS, on est bien obligé de dire ce n’est pas servir le Cameroun que de
répéter a
tort et à travers qu’il se
porte bien, qu’il ne s’est jamais si bien porté
.

Si le pouvoir à sa place ignore
ses déboires et ses échecs, ou tout simplement feint de les ignorer,  c’est qu’il refuse de se voir d’autant plus
efficacement que son refus reste inconscient. Il est dans ce cas atteint de
scotomie, cette maladie qui ne permet au regard que de distinguer une petite
partie du champ visuel. On aperçoit assez pour suivre un chemin, mais non pour
mettre un panorama en perspective.

Freud a montré qu’un esprit aussi
pouvait être atteint de scotomie. Ainsi, l’inconscient refuse de communiquer à
notre conscience ce qu’il nous interdit de voir en nous, autour de nous. Il
censure notre regard. Quand TCHOUTA MOUSSA, au sorti du congrès
extraordinaire du R.D.P.C., se prêtant allègrement a une interview de C.R.T.V,
dit avec enthousiasme, du discours de son illustre camarade Président : «  c’est le message que nous
attendions il ne nous reste plus qu’à nous mettre au
travail », On croit rêver, c’est à se demander si nous avons
suivi le même discours, sans portée politique aucune et qui laisse le
camerounais dans sa soif en rapport avec le tapage médiatique qui a précédé
l’évènement. Quel message a été livré et qui engagerait l’avenir du pays ou qui
serait de nature à apporter solution à nos préoccupations du moment? Des jeunes
et des femmes en politique, dans le R.D.P.C, ils y sont déjà et même structurés
en organisations annexes. Ce qui serait donc extraordinaire, c’est que l’accent
soit, mis dans le discours du camarade Président pour que priorité soit donnée
dans la politique du parti à leur trouver du travail et à les imbriquer
davantage dans la gestion de l’Etat. De ces préoccupations, le discours du
Président en était fort éloigné. Que le camarade Président ait parlé de
l’incivisme fiscal, de la fraude douanière, de la corruption et autres maux qui
minent notre société et ait décidé d’entrer en guerre contre eux, qu’y  a-t-il là 
de nouveau que nos oreilles n’aient pas encore entendu? N’est-ce pas là
une autre forme d’expression de l’inconscience?

                Inconscience, Inconscience quand permettras-tu à notre conscience de se
réveiller
 ?

Du côté du pouvoir, c’est de l’autosatisfaction. Alors que le
peuple croupit sous le poids de sa misère, le R.D.P.C vient une fois de plus,
de démontrer pour ceux qui n’en étaient pas encore convaincus, que parti-Etat
qu’il est, il entend décidément confisquer tous les rouages de l’Etat au
service de ses privilèges. Tout, lors de son congrès  extraordinaire y était, le protocole d’Etat
avec son chef, le tapis rouge, les services de sécurités, la représentation
diplomatique, que sais-je encore !

Du côté de l’opposition, c’est des lamentations, la politique à
coup de slogans : « Conférence
nationale, il y aura », 
ici,
l’on parle du « chasseur de
lion »,
là, « ça passe ou ça
casse »,
plus loin « nous
pouvons débarquer BIYA à tout moment », « BIYA, l’homme à la
victoire volée, thief man. He must go! 
, Etc…etc…

La  société est le produit de son propre passé
jusque dans ses velléités de rompre avec lui pour instaurer un ordre nouveau.
Notre passé est tapissé d’innombrables frustrations  et d’humiliations ; celles imposées d’abord
par la puissance coloniale, celles subies du fait de l’autorité néocoloniale.
Rien d’étonnant que 30 années après l’entrée du pays dans le concert des
nations, nous n’ayons toujours pas en nous des réflexes d‘hommes libres. Si
AHIDJO a réalisé l’exploit de maintenir le Cameroun dans la torpeur, rendant le
camerounais amorphe, sans réaction même face à l’adversité, cela n’est pas une
raison pour rester convaincus de ce que nous ne sommes pas sujets de droits et
partant, nous n’avons rien à exiger pour en être remplis? Cela est encore moins
de passer notre temps à pleurer, de constituer une race de pleureuses, au lieu
de nous serrer les coudes pour engager résolument le combat en vue du
changement que les camerounais appellent de tous leurs vœux, mais que les
politiciens de fortune empêchent de réaliser.

L’opposition camerounaise a laissé à Paul BIYA toute initiative en
politique parce qu’à court d’idées, se contentant tout simplement de réagir chaque
fois que le pouvoir pose des actes alors que l’on attend d’elle, qu’elle
anticipe dans la réflexion et agisse en conséquence. BIYA, pressé par ses
partenaires extérieures, décide d’organiser une conférence tripartite et voilà
l’opposition qui renonce à la conférence nationale. BIYA parle des élections et
voilà l’opposition qui renonce à la révision préalable de la constitution, au
toilettage de nos institutions, pour appeler ses militants à participer
massivement aux élections dont elle ignore pourtant tout de l’organisation.
N’apparait-elle pas ainsi à la traine du pouvoir, à défaut, n’est-ce pas le
lieu de se demander si le Cameroun n’est pas frappé d’un mal, ou s’il n’est pas
sous l’influence d’une puissance hypnotique qui inhibe son sens de
revendication ou de remise en cause.

En effet, comment comprendre, les conditions d’une
consultation électorale saine n’étant pas réunies, que l’opposition en vienne à
exiger des élections qui de toute évidence, en l’état seraient sur le plan
organisationnel à la faveur du parti au pouvoir?

Il n’y a pas de démocratie sans élection, certes, mais chaque fois que ces
élections sont organisées dans des conditions qui favorisent le parti au
pouvoir, l’opposition en y participant fait le jeu du pouvoir qui en profite
pour qualifier son régime de démocratique. Une opposition responsable n’a pas à
se prêter à un tel jeu, qui non seulement déçoit les espoirs qu’elle suscite,
mais entretient un pouvoir par ailleurs décrié. Comme nous savons bien le dire,
pas de mimétisme, ni d’idéologie importée ; mais il n’y a pas de honte à
prendre modèle sur l’expérience d’ailleurs, surtout lorsque celle-ci va dans le
bon sens. Ce qui se passe aujourd’hui en côte d’ivoire devait un peu inspirer
l’action de nos hommes politiques de l’opposition. Dans ce pays, l’opposition
responsable refuse de jouer les accompagnateurs des princes qui gouvernent dans
leur reconquête du pouvoir et pose des actes en conséquence, entrainant dans sa
démarche  tous ceux qui croient en elle.
Si nous l’avons fait hier, nous devons y revenir aujourd’hui avec
détermination. Il y va du devenir du Cameroun.             

                                               LE DEBAT CONSTITUTIONNEL : Priorité des
priorités.

L’aspiration du peuple à une vie démocratique saine,
impliquant le libre choix de ses représentants et la participation                 de tous sans exclusive, a
contraint le Président BIYA à engager un débat sur la réforme constitutionnelle;
cette réflexion doit nécessairement aller jusqu’à son terme, car à son terme
elle permettra de définir les bases d’un nouveau contrat social. A mon
avis, ce débat me parait être la priorité des priorités.

Le Président BIYA, gagné par un sursaut de patriotisme, et
c’est le cas de le souhaiter, détendrait profondément, par cette démarche, l’atmosphère,
en même temps qu’il calmerait l’impatience de l’opinion et qu’il ajouterait au crédit
fortement entamé du Cameroun à l’extérieur. Et cela est important, car pour une
fois, l’occasion serait donnée aux camerounais d’élaborer leur loi fondamentale
sans avoir à recourir au diktat d’un autre pays fut-il ami.

C’est pourquoi les camerounais
acquis aux idées du changement, qu’ils soient des pouvoirs ou qu’ils                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Soient
de l’opposition, doivent user de toutes leurs forces pour amener le pouvoir à
mettre la dernière main à ce débat et doter le Cameroun d’une constitution qui
en fasse un Etat moderne et démocratique.

La lecture de l’avant-projet de
la constitution initié par le pouvoir et ses commissions successives montre que
celui fait déjà état de la volonté de démocratiser la constitution, de
reconnaitre davantage des droits aux citoyens, de promouvoir un pouvoir local.
C’est dire que l’enjeu serait :

  • La forme de l’Etat et l’organisation
    territoriale
  • La restructuration des institutions et la mise
    en place de celles-ci

                –      La séparation et l’équilibre des pouvoirs

                –      La reconnaissance des libertés
fondamentales

                –     La définition des gardes fous et des mécanismes
de contre-pouvoirs

                –     Le pouvoir local et le droit des
populations

                –     Les mandats électoraux

                –     Le code médiatique, le droit à
l’information, et l’utilisation des medias d’Etat

                –    Le
code électoral

                –    Le calendrier politique

L’issue d’un tel débat conduira nécessairement
à des élections pour la mise en place des structures nouvelles en respect du
calendrier politique qui en sortira. Aussi sachant que l’organisation des élections
telles qu’elles soient coute cher ; et le Cameroun n’ayant pas en fonds,
le report de toutes consultations jusqu’à l’issu du débat constitutionnel ne
sera que bon sens et acte patriotique dont le pays sortira nécessairement
grandi.

Paul BIYA et les politiciens de
tous bords le comprendront-ils?

La constitution, véritable
contrat social a besoin d’un large consensus pour entrainer l’adhésion
nationale, la cohésion et la paix sociale en dépendent. Aussi quel que soit ce
que cela coute à monsieur BIYA dans sa fierté et ses privilèges, dans l’intérêt
du pays, si tant est qu’il aime un tantinet a-t- il les devoirs de mêler à son élaboration
et à son adoption la participation de tous. L’assemblée nationale, dans sa
configuration actuelle ne représente, chacun le sait pour des raisons qui
n’échappent pas à l’histoire, qu’une franche de l’opinion. Il doit en tenir
compte. La démocratie a son rituel, son code de conduite ; il faut le
respecter et s’y soumettre en toute bonne foi. Il n’Y a pas la démocratie
occidentale et la démocratie africaine, il y a la démocratie avec grand « D » ;  sachons-nous préserver de ses travers.

Octobre 1992

(*)Avocat
au Barreau du Cameroun

Ancien
Bâtonnier de l’ordre

partagez ce trésor

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.